The fisheriers in the Sultanate of Oman is one of the most important food and economic sources which contribute mainly in food and economy secure. The Sultanate has a long coastline, extends to 3165 km from the far South-East where the Arabian Sea to Sea Of Oman up to Musandam in the North. The Omani beaches have a diversity of marine environment which includes a various categories of sea creatures such as; pelagic, demersal, crustacean, molluscs, in addition to shellfish and cephalopods... etc
Due to the geographic location of the Sultanate within subtropics area and exposure to high temperatures throughout the year, it is important to conserve its marine resources against pollution and damage by following special scientific methods during fishing, distributing, preparation and manufacturing until delivered to the consumer. Healthy food is essential for life and its contamination affects the health and safety of population and society in general, as well as, the economy of the country, especially for the countries relied on sea food exports such as; the Sultanate. Therefore, rules and conditions have been issued to conserve sea food and its validity for human consumption through quality control regulations list as per to the ministerial decision no. (12/2009).
The Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries has implemented effective regulatory methods and rules to ensure that commercial fishing boats are abide by the rules and regulations decided by the ministry. The regulatory rules have 3 main points:
Direct Observation System. This method is being implemented by assigning one or more observers from the Ministry on board of fishing ships to monitor the ships different activities along the period they are on board, and recording all fishing operations, boat's locations, quantities and types of catches as well as recording any violations committed by the ship.
Monitoring By Satellites. The idea of using satellites system started during 1998-1999 and implemented in the year 2000 after studying a various International systems and programs specialized in satellites monitoring operations, the best one has been selected, in terms of quality of data and use of digital navigational charts that meets fisheries observation operations. In 2001 the ministry started to implement the Remote Sensing System RSS, which is considered one of the modern and advanced systems in monitoring the locations of the commercial fishing ships, this system is being operated from the Operation Room in the ministry.
Monitor Of Fisheries Unloading. The ministry observes the landing of fish by ensuring the quantity and types of catches in order to make sure that reports presented by the boat conform with these types and weights of a catches in accordance with conditions and regulations.
In this regard, the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries conducts programs to qualify cadres assigned to this task by holding training courses through coordination with the concerned authorities.
Tasks Of Monitoring Operations Room:
- Positioning fishing ships and their routes via satellite.
- Ranging distances and depths where the ship operates.
- Follow up early warning system for the ships in cases of emergency or if the ship exceeds the limit of the authorized fishing area.
- Receiving of the production reports periodically, by using the radio from the ship to the ministry via the controller.
- Providing daily reports about numbers of ships and the activities.
- The ministry's role in supporting the Maritime Security Centre:
- Taking necessary actions which contribute directly in the protection of fish stock and natural resources.
- Coordination of efforts to setup the security procedures and rules regarding the issuance of licenses, locating the fishing areas, monitoring the violations and the methods to deal with.
- Review the legal legislations to protect the fisheries.
- Management of fishing ports to cope with changes and up to dates related to the maritime security.
- Reinforcing the maritime monitoring capabilities to protect the Omani waters.
- Taking measures of the port's country to prevent deter and eliminate illegal fishing.
- Monitoring Omani waters and coasts to counter illegal fishermen.
- Coordination of efforts to protect Omani fishing fleets against piracy and natural disasters.