Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO) was formed on 1st March 1959. The first aircraft were three PROVOST jet trainer and two Pioneer transport aircraft, operated from a small runway in Bait Alfalaj. In 1961, four Beaver aircraft joined RAFO, followed in 1967 by 12 strike master aircraft. Ever since the accession of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos and the Rebirth of the Sultanate of Oman in 1970, Royal Air Force of Oman came into its own as the dynamo of national defense as well as of national civil development. Therefore, at the same year, His Majesty ordered to purchase three Caribou, six Skyvan aircraft and eight helicopters for the purpose of providing protection to the Sultan Armed Forces units operating in the mountain areas. In 1971, RAFO was expanded by orders for five Viscounts, followed in February 1975 by the Hawker Hunter which played great role in providing the close air support and carrying out significant operational missions. During the early years of the renaissance period, RAFO played a key part in the civil development efforts through conducting activities that make possible further advancement in the growth of the Nation. Helicopters transported the flying medical teams of the Rural Medical Services. Search and rescue operations during the disasters were provided for the society and still provided.