The Command and Staff College was established on the basis of the directives of his Majesty Sultan Qaboos bin Said, the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Oman. A project team began working in 1984 in order to deliver the requirements of his Majesty's directive.
His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said graciously gave his approval to name the college as "The Command and Staff College, Sultan Armed Forces". The college logo was designed to reflect the joint nature of the faculty. It consists of crossed rifles with bayonets, flight wing in the middle and anchor beneath the dagger. The Royal Crown is placed on the top of the dagger and surrounded by two spikes on a background of three colours representing three services; red on the top refers to Royal Army of Oman, light blue in the middle refers to Royal Air Force of Oman and dark blue on the bottom refers to Royal Navy of Oman. The phrase "Command and Staff College, Sultan Armed Forces" is written on the bottom of the logo.
On 30th September 1987, the Command and Staff College First Course was officially started under the auspices of his Excellency As'sayyid Almutasim Bin Hamoud Al-Busaidi, Minister of State for Defense Affairs – at that time. The first CSC Course had (19) students drawn from the Royal Army of Oman, Royal Air Force of Oman and Royal Navy of Oman. On 11th March 1988, his Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said, the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces, opened the CSC building in the current location in Bait Al-Falaj Camp. The college was equipped with a wide range of training facilities and all the equipment necessary to support the education and training processes.
In 1994, the Command and Staff College started to receive international students.